Bed bugs are insects that feed mainly on the blood of humans, however birds, rodents and bats may also be at risk for loosing blood as bed bugs come out and feed.
When a bed bug bites, it inject its saliva into the wound, which will prevent coagulation. This is usually the cause for the skin itching and it also creates swelling in the tissue.
A good thing to know is that bed bugs do not carry any diseases like malaria or nasty viruses.
Severe infestations often has a sweet, foul smell. This odor is caused by an oily liquid the bed bugs emit.
Where do you get bitten?
Bed bugs can be found almost anywhere, from houses, apartments, buildings to four star hotel rooms. Lately, people on trains have been noticing bed bug problems. In some areas, with long, overnight train rides, the insects come out during the night and start sucking blood from the passengers.
Bed Bugs can hide almost anywhere – under baseboards and carpets, behind outlets and picture frames, behind loose wall paper, books, inside couches, phones, stereos, computers and of course, your beds.
Bed Bug Sucking Blood
This video is a time laps of a bed bug sucking blood from a human. This how they do “their work”. The bite does not hurt at all, but the salivary fluid injected by bed bugs usually causes the skin to become irritated and inflamed, although individuals often differ in how sensitive they are to the bites.
A bed bug infestation can be recognized by blood stains from bugs being crushed, or you may also notice dark, rusty spots in your bedding. This comes from bugs’ excrement. Fecal spots, eggshells, and shed skins may be found around where they are hiding. A sweet, foul, musty smell from their scent glands if often apparent when bed bug infestations are severe.
A way you can trap them is to vacuum and scrub your mattress, and then it can be enclosed in a zippered mattress cover. Any bed bugs remaining on the mattress will be trapped inside and can’t get out. You must leave the cover in place for over a year, because bed bugs can live for a long time without sucking blood.